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The cave Theopetra located on the northeast side of the limestone rock, which rises in the community Theopetra, about 4km outside Kalambaka and has an arched entrance, measuring 17 x 3 m or so. The interior consists of a main hall 500 sq.m. some with small niches in the region. The formation of limestone rock Theopetra placed in the upper Cretaceous period (137 million to 65 million years from now). The creation of the cave is therefore subsequent to the above couple. The cave was inhabited during the Middle Paleolithic Period (beginning approximately 130,000 years ago).

This cave is first excavated in Thessaly and the only so far in Greece with continuous anthropogenic layers starting from the Middle Stone Age and up to the end of the Neolithic (3000 BC). The significance of this chronological continuity lies in the fact that for the first time in Greece we can see the transition from Palaiolithiko the Neolithic lifestyle. Among other things, the cave found stone tools Palaeolithic - Mesolithic and Neolithic Age, Neolithic ceramic findings, bone tools, shell jewelry, unique for the Greek gold jewelry of the Palaeolithic, the Mesolithic and Neolithic period, and the famous human footprints of Theopetra dating to 130,000 years ago and are now extremely rare finding not only for Greece but also for Europe.

The excavation started in 1987 by archaeologist Catherine Kyparissis-Dispatch and continued until 2005 when he started the works for the restoration and enhancement of the cave with the establishment of a corridor which serves visitors and People with Disabilities. Currently the works are completed and the cave is open to visitors.

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Sunday, 09 October 2011 20:31

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